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One of the most prevalent dental issues in adults is gum disease. Gum disease, also referred to as “periodontal disease,” is a disease that can develop gradually over time. The earlier the condition is diagnosed and treated, the better the final results for the patient.


Our dentists at St. Albert Dental Centre encourage patients to know the symptoms of the infection to identify it before it becomes a severe problem. The earlier stages of gum disease are reversible. Still, the more advanced stages are not, making it more critical than ever to visit a dentist regularly to spot the early signs.


What are the three stages of gum disease?


• Gum disease develops over time into three different stages. The first stage is reversible and can be prevented with proper oral hygiene habits and routine dental visits. The later stages can only be monitored and controlled, so development should be avoided at all costs.


• Gingivitis. The first stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. Gingivitis often goes undetected as problems may not develop until later in this stage. Symptoms to look out for include persistent bad breath, red and swollen gum tissues, and bleeding while brushing and flossing. As soon as these signs are seen, patients are recommended to call their dentist to perform an evaluation.


• Periodontitis. The second stage of periodontal disease is periodontitis. This occurs when gingivitis advances without treatment. Plaque builds up along the gum line, and bacteria grow, damaging the gum tissues. Pockets will often develop between the gum tissue and the teeth, allowing bacteria to continue to grow.


• Advanced periodontitis. The third stage of periodontal disease is advanced periodontitis. At this point, gum deterioration can contribute to the loss of natural teeth. Patients may also experience significant jaw bone resorption that leaves teeth loose. Extensive treatment is needed to bring the smile back to health and restore its functionality.


Do you believe you have the symptoms of periodontal disease?


Gum disease is a serious issue that needs to be diagnosed and addressed in the earliest stages to avoid future damage to the smile.


If you suspect that you have the early stage of gum disease and want to speak to a dental professional about getting a proper diagnosis and seeking treatment, contact our St. Albert Dental Centre team to request an evaluation.


The office is located at #192-375 St. Albert Trail in St. Albert, Alberta, and is open to new patients.